Focusing on women’s fitness 

Published 11:25 am Tuesday, May 9, 2023

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Fitness is such a fundamental element of overall health and well-being for everyone, and it holds particular significance for women. Women face health challenges and are more at risk for certain chronic conditions than men, such as menstrual cycles, pregnancy and childbirth, breast cancer and other female-specific cancers, osteoporosis, autoimmune diseases, and mental health issues.   

Exercise  is crucial for women to prevent, manage, and optimize some of these conditions, improve physical and mental health, and promote self-empowerment.         

Regular exercise can benefit women’s physical and mental health in several ways. Exercise can help stave off and manage several chronic health conditions that are more prevalent among women. Regular exercise is associated with a lowered risk of heart disease, which is the leading cause of death for women. Also, several studies have shown that regular exercise can help reduce the risk of certain types of cancer in women including breast, colon, endometrial, and ovarian cancers. Exercise training can help improve insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, which can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Physical activity can help improve blood pressure, reduce inflammation, and improve cholesterol levels, all of which can  reduce stroke risks.  

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Exercise is known to be a mood booster, and research demonstrates that vigorous physical activity benefits mental health by reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, improving self-esteem and enhancing cognitive function. Participating in exercise also fosters social connections, as it provides an opportunity to socialize and build connections with like-minded individuals. 

Focusing on fitness may also help manage and prevent osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is characterized by loss of bone density and strength, which can increase the risk of fractures and other injuries. Key areas in which exercise can provide benefits include increased bone density, through weight-bearing exercises and weight lifting, which stimulates the growth of new bone tissue and increased bone viscosity. Proper exercise helps prevent other health associated problems such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, all of which present their own health challenges but also may contribute greatly to the condition of osteoporosis. 

Exercise is a powerful tool for bettering mental health in women. Working out helps reduce levels of cortisol, the hormone affiliated with stress. Also, fitness exercises have been shown to improve mood by increasing levels of dopamine and serotonin, which are neurotransmitters associated with feelings of pleasure and happiness. Regular exercise can also help reduce feelings of depression and anxiety.     

Participating in regular exercise can help women feel more confident in their bodies, promoting self-empowerment. Women who exercise consistently may also feel more independent and capable of taking on challenges inside and outside the gym or studio.

In conclusion, exercise provides multiple benefits for girls and women of all ages. From minimizing the risk for chronic diseases like diabetes and stroke, to improving mental health and overall physical fitness, exercise can play an integral role in promoting a healthful and active lifestyle. Women who prioritize exercise can also benefit from increased self-confidence, better sleep, and reduced stress levels.

David Crocker is a nutritionist and master personal trainer. Questions? Email David at